Phonics – Read, Write, Inc

At Watling Park School, phonics is taught as the main approach to early reading. Regular phonics sessions are taught every day. Initially, each session is a daily 30-minute structured lesson in small groups, where the children have the opportunity to practice reading and writing.

We use the Read Write Inc (RWI) programme to support the teaching of Reading and writing, giving children a flying start with their literacy learning. RWI is a method of learning centred round letter sounds and phonics, and we use it to aid children in their reading and writing.

In phonic sessions, children are taught to recognise letters, understand the sound they make and then blend them together to create words. Some words, which cannot be phonetically sounded out, are taught at each phase. These are ‘tricky words’ and are taught through sight recognition.

Children continue to apply their new knowledge of phonics, through regular interactive reading of texts with the teacher and their reading partner during the school day.

Oracy remains central to the teaching and understanding of reading, as children continue to extend their comprehension skills. During this crucial stage, great emphasis is placed on teaching children to use their growing knowledge of phonics and sight words to encourage them to read and write with increasing accuracy whilst developing their understanding of the writing process.

Year 1 Phonics Screening Check

In 2012 a statutory check, Year 1 Phonics Screening Check was introduced. The check assesses phonics knowledge learnt in Reception and in Year 1. It was developed to help identify the children who need extra help with decoding and blending before they begin Year 2. Those children who do not pass the test will have the opportunity to retake it at the end of Year 2.

Phonics at Home

Please visit the Read, Write, Inc parents information page: 

This page includes a series of information and tutorial videos explaining the basis of Read, Write, Inc. Phonics, including how to say the sounds and the phonics screening check.

Other Resources:

There are many great websites and apps to help support phonics learning at home. Here are some of our favourites: – Buried Treasure, Dragons Den, Obb and Bob – help with pronunciation


Guidance notes and resources to support your child with Phonics and the Phonics Screening Check

Phonics Home Learning Sheet

PowerPoint for Parents

PowerPoint for Children

Alien words

Alien sorting cards

Real words

Phonics sets 1,2 and 3

Large sets 1,2 and 3


Phonics Vocabulary

Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English (it depends on different accents). Phonemes can be put together to make words.

Grapheme – A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters e.g ough.

GPC – This is short for Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence. Knowing a GPC means being able to match a phoneme to a grapheme and vice versa.

Digraph – A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Trigraph – A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Blending – This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using knowledge of GPCs to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word.

Segmenting – This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes (sound talk/sounding out) that make it, using knowledge of GPCs to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order.

Alien words – These are ‘made up’ words which test children’s knowledge of known phonemes.